Figure 2. Schematic representation of cellular transport of bone minerals. The model can be applied to transport of calcium, magnesium, and phosphorus for cells of the renal tubules, gastrointestinal tract enterocytes, and bone cells. The mineral transport can be with (downhill) or against (uphill) a gradient. Lumen refers to GI and renal tracts; for bone, it can refer to bone marrow, blood, and/or matrix space. The site of the indicated membrane transport structures is schematic. Microsomes designate other intracellular organelles such as secretory vesicles and endoplasmic reticulum. See text for details.